Exploring the Legal Rights of Minors: Making a Personal Injury Claim as an Under-18

Has a minor you know or yourself been embroiled in a personal injury incident? Pondering about the legal rights afforded to individuals under 18 in such situations? Don’t worry, we’ve got you covered! This blog delves into the intriguing domain of personal injury claims for those below 18. Whether it’s an unfortunate car mishap, medical negligence, or liability on premises, it’s crucial to understand a minor’s legal rights to ensure fair justice. Let’s demystify the convolutions of filing a personal injury claim as a minor and equip you with essential knowledge that can prove invaluable when seeking restitution.


Understanding Minors’ Legal Rights

We must first comprehend that minors do not enjoy the same legal rights as adults. Minors typically cannot enter into contracts, vote, or marry without parental or guardian consent. In most circumstances, a minor cannot autonomously file personal injury claims. Instead, they necessitate a parent or guardian to lodge the claim on their behalf.

Yet, there exist exceptions to this broad rule. For instance, if a minor gets injured while on the job, they could potentially file a workers’ compensation claim without needing parental or guardian intervention. Additionally, some jurisdictions permit minors to commence personal injury lawsuits if they can establish they have suffered substantial and enduring injuries.

If you’re a minor who has sustained injuries from an accident, it’s essential to consult with seasoned personal injury lawyers who can elucidate your specific legal rights and discuss potential options. They can offer personalized advice and support tailored to your unique circumstances.


How Minors File Personal Injury Claims

If you’re under 18 and have been injured in an accident that wasn’t your fault, you may still be able to file a personal injury claim. However, you’ll need to appoint a “litigation friend,” an adult who will represent you during the claims process. This person could be a family member, a friend, or a legal advisor from a trusted law firm like Law Office of Carl Maltese (malteselawoffice.com).

After designating a litigation friend, they will aid you in gathering evidence to substantiate your claim. This evidence can encompass medical reports, eyewitness accounts, and photographic evidence. They will also assist in quantifying the compensation you’re entitled to, considering elements like lost earnings, medical bills, and care expenses.

Your litigation friend will subsequently present your claim to the responsible party’s insurance company or, if the responsible party is uninsured, to the courts. The insurer or court will then evaluate your claim and decide on the compensation amount they’re prepared to offer. If you accept their proposition, you will receive your compensation in full, and court proceedings will be unnecessary. If you reject their offer and opt for a court trial, your litigation friend can support you through this process.

The compensation amount hinges on the severity of your injuries and the impact they’ve had on your life. If your injuries are severe, resulting in a disability or chronic health condition, you might be eligible for substantial compensation.


Evidence Collection and Support for Your Claim

If you’re a minor who has endured an injury due to someone else’s negligence, it’s natural to explore your legal alternatives. Luckily, minors do have legal rights in terms of pursuing personal injury claims.

To establish your case, gathering relevant evidence and support for your claim is crucial. This might involve amassing medical records, police reports, witness statements, and other vital documents. Once this information has been compiled, you can kickstart the process of filing a personal injury claim.

Be aware that as a minor, there might be certain special considerations applicable to your case. You might need the involvement of a parent or legal guardian to assist with legal proceedings. However, with proper evidence and support, you can seek compensation for the injuries you’ve suffered.


Challenges Minors Typically Face

Minors often face certain challenges when attempting to make a personal injury claim. One significant challenge is that minors are typically not legally permitted to enter into contracts or sign legal documents, making it tough for them to retain a lawyer or initiate a lawsuit independently.

Another common challenge is that minors may struggle to comprehend fully the nature and extent of their injuries, making it challenging to substantiate their case and secure adequate compensation. Additionally, insurance companies often show reluctance in dealing with claims involving minors, as they may be viewed as high-risk claimants.

Certain jurisdictions have laws, known as contributory negligence laws, protecting defendants in cases where the plaintiff is a minor. These laws can significantly diminish the damages a minor can recover in a personal injury case.



Investigating the legal rights of minors forms a vital part of understanding how to file a personal injury claim as an individual under 18. Although minors do possess certain legal rights, they do not align entirely with those of adults. A minor seeking compensation for their injuries and losses must consult with a competent attorney who can guide them through the claims process. With this knowledge, you should now be better equipped to safeguard your rights when filing a personal injury claim, whether as an adult or a minor.

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